Hawker Hurricane

Hawker Hurricane

The Hawker Hurricane was the Royal Air Force’s premiere fighter at the beginning of the Second World War. At the outbreak of hostilities, it was also the RCAF’s only modern fighter. This RCAF Hurricane has been preserved by the Canada Aviation and Space Museum.

Overview

Overview

First flown in 1935, the Hurricane served throughout World War IIthe Second World War in virtually every theatre of operations. The RCAF received its first Hurricanes in February 1939. The first RCAF squadron to fire its guns in anger, No. 1 Squadron (which later became 401 Squadron),n, flew Hurricanes in the Battle of Britain. Two other RCAF squadrons, No. 402 and 417 Squadronsqns, flew the type in overseas operations, while a further ten squadrons operated the aircraft here in Canada.   The Canadian Car and Foundry Company began Canadian production in January 1940 at Fort William (now part of Thunder Bay, Ontario). A total of 1,451 Hurricanes were built in this country. While not so graceful or well known as its fighting mate, the Spitfire, the Hurricane proved to be rugged in service and highly adaptable being used in a wide variety of roles and carrying diverse types of weapons and armament.

Designation

 

Model Number

Marks

Mk I, IIA, IIB, IIC, IV, XII, XIIA

Role

Fighter

Taken on strength

1939

Struck off strength

1948

Quantity

503

Service

RCAF

 

Technical Specifications

Technical Specifications (Mark I)

Manufacturer

Built by Canadian Car & Foundry Company under license from Hawker

Crew / Passengers

One pilot

Powerplant

One 1,300 horsepower (768 kilowatt) Rolls Royce Merlin II or III engine

Maximum speed

318 miles per hour (512 kilometres per hour)

Cruising speed

 

Service ceiling

33,400 feet (10,180 metres)

Range

440 miles (708 kilometres)

Empty weight

4,670 pounds (2,118 kilograms)

Gross weight

6,600 pounds (2,994 kilograms)

Span

40 feet (12.14 metres)

Length

31 feet 5 inches (9.58 metres)

Height

13 feet 1 inch (3.99 metres)

Wing area

258 square feet (23.97 square metres)

Armament

Eight .303 inch (7.7 millimetre) Browning machine guns

Cost

$50,000

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