de Havilland Tiger Moth / Menasco Moth

DH-82C Tiger Moth

The DH-82C Tiger Moth, in which thousands of Commonwealth pilots trained, was a vital aircraft in the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Built by de Havilland in Toronto, more than 1,500 Tiger Moths equipped many Elementary Flying Training schools throughout Canada. Canadian modifications included float and ski fittings, a sliding canopy, a cockpit heater, a redesigned cowling, more powerful engines, and a tailwheel. PHOTO: DND Archives, PCN-4631

Overview

Overview

The DH 82 Tiger Moth was the last in a long line of biplanes built by the de Havilland Aircraft Company Ltd. The Tiger Moth first entered service with the Royal Air Force in 1931 and became the standard elementary trainer for the next two decades. The Royal Canadian Air Force adopted the type in 1938 and it also became the standard ab-initio trainer at the Canadian Elementary Flying Training Schools under the British Commonwealth Training Plan. Canadian production aircraft differed slightly from the British versions and featured a two-piece cowling, heated cockpits and large sliding canopies. A shortage of the original 145 horsepower Gipsy Major engines further led to some Canadian versions being equipped with 160 horsepower Menasco Pirate engines and this sub-type was often referred to as a Menasco Moth. The type was generally well liked by pilots and could be used for aerobatic training as well as blind flying instruction.

Designation  
Model Number DH 82 A&C
Marks  
Role Trainer
Taken on strength 1938
Struck off strength 1947
Number 1,546
Service RCAF

Source: Canadian Combat and Support Aircraft: A Military Compendium by T.F.J. Leversedge © 2007. Translated and reproduced with permission of the author.

Technical Specifications

Technical Specifications

 

Manufacturer de Havilland Aircraft
Crew / passengers Up to two pilots
Powerplant One 145 hp Gipsy Major or one 160 hp Menasco Pirate in-line piston engine
Maximum speed 109 miles per hour (175 kilometres per hour) 
Cruising speed 93 miles per hour (150kilometres per hour)
Service ceiling 13,600 feet (4,145 metres)
Range 302 miles (486 kilometres)
Empty weight 1,115 pounds (506 kilograms)
Maximum take-off weight 1,770 pounds (813 kilograms)
Span 29 feet 4 inches (8.94 metres)
Length 23 feet 11 inches (7.24 metres)
Height 8 feet 9.5 inches (2.68 metres)
Wing area 239 square feet (22.20 square metres)
Armament none
Cost Unknown

Source: Canadian Combat and Support Aircraft: A Military Compendium by T.F.J. Leversedge © 2007. Translated and reproduced with permission of the author.

Date modified: