CC-138 Twin Otter


CC-138 Twin Otter



The highly adaptable CC-138 Twin Otter is well suited for Canada’s ever-changing northern climate and terrain. This short takeoff and landing (STOL) utility transport aircraft can land on water, land, snow and ice.

Powered by twin turboprop engines, the Twin Otter is highly manoeuvrable and has a service ceiling of over 8,000 metres. It can be outfitted with wheels or skis to land on virtually any surface.

The CC-138 is used in transport and support roles to the Canadian Forces’ northern operations and in search and rescue (SAR) missions. It can carry up to 20 passengers or 2,999 kg of payload, and has a range of 1,427 km.

The Canadian Force’s 4 Twin Otters are based in Yellowknife, NWT.

Named Operations  How the aircraft was employed
NUNALIVUT Annually Canada In support of sovereignty operations in Canada’s North, transports personnel, supplies, and equipment to Nunavut.
NANOOK Annually Canada Transports supplies and equipment, as part of sovereignty operations conducted in Canada’s North.


Technical specifications

Technical specifications


15.1 m


19.81 m


5.66 m

Empty Weight

3,900 kg

Maximum Gross Weight

6,350 kg


Two Pratt & Whitney PT6A-27 turbo-prop engines


337 km/h

Service Ceiling

8,230 m


1,250 km


19 or 1,100 kg

Year(s) procured


Quantity in CF



Yellowknife, NT



CC138803 - Twin Otter

CC138803 Twin-Otter - Epilogue

The aircraft touched down on a smooth area of sea ice, but then bounced into the air after hitting an ice ridge perpendicular to the aircraft’s heading. The aircraft impacted the base of a larger ice ridge once it settled back onto the sea ice. The nose landing gear collapsed and the aircraft came to a stop shortly thereafter. The aircraft was very seriously damaged.
March 10, 2019

CC138804 Twin Otter accident site

CC138804 Twin Otter - Epilogue

While conducting austere airfield training, during the takeoff from the tundra near Horn Lake, southwest of Inuvik, NT, the Twin Otter aircraft’s nose landing gear collapsed.  There were no injuries among the four crew and two passengers.
August 23, 2012

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